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Gutter Terminology

27 December 2018

Commonly Used Gutter Terms and Definitions

Gutters are the unsung heroes of your home. They protect your roof, siding, windows, landscape and foundation from water damage. It is important to know what makes up a gutter system and how it performs in order to know when something is wrong or needs replacing.



The gutter bracket reinforces the hanging gutter. It is installed using a nail or screw and is is attached to a surface of the house, usually the fascia board.

Downspouts are the vertical piping that carry rainwater away from your home.

End Cap:
An end cap is the fitting that attaches and closes off the end of the gutter.

Fascia Board:
The fascia or fascia board is the exposed trim that runs horizontally along the roof’s eaves. This is the base where a gutter is attached.

Usually metal, although sometimes vinyl edging is used to to seal the gap from the roofing shingles to the gutter, so rainwater cannot travel behind the gutter. If rainwater gets behind the gutter, constant exposure can cause dry-rot, causing the gutter to come loose.

Gutter Elbow:
Gutter elbows are fittings that attach to the downspout and curve outward in order to direct the rainwater away from your home

Gutter Guards or Gutter Hoods:
General term for anything protecting gutters from the elements, this includes do it yourself temporary solutions as well as permanent, professionally installed solutions. Most are add-ons except for LeafGuard® Brand Gutters.

Gutter Screen:
Gutter screens are plastic or metal covers for gutters with visible holes, intended to filter water through while preventing leaves and other debris from entering into the gutter.

Ice Dam:
An Ice Dam is the product of snow melting and re-freezing on a roof as a result of poor insulation or inconsistent heat. Typically, snow will melt and slide down a roof as water. When water reaches the edge of the roof, where it is colder, it re-freezes as ice and creates problematic build up, often in the form of icicles hanging from your gutters.

Liquid Adhesion:
Liquid adhesion is the principle of physics that explains as liquids flow they adhere to the surface across which they are traveling. In gutters, liquid adhesion is seen when water travels down and around a curved hood and into the gutter. The LeafGuard® Brand Gutter system is based on this principle.

Mitered Corner:
Where two pieces of gutter are connected by either a box or a strip miter.

Rain Chain:
Rain chains are a decorative alternative to downspouts, the chains slow the water and direct it to the ground.

Seamless Gutter: 
A seamless gutter is a one-piece gutter system custom fit to the size of your home. The benefit offered by a one-piece gutter system is that it contains no seams, which are a point of vulnerability for water leakage. LeafGuard® Brand Gutter’s seamless construction maximizes the aesthetic appeal of your gutters and prevents the leaks that plague multi-peace systems.

The Soffit is the exposed siding underneath the roofs overhang, its purpose is to allows ventilation from your attic.

Patented Debris Shedding One-Piece Gutter System

Imagine a spring and a fall where you are able to stay off the ladder and not worry about cleaning your gutters. . .  Being able to enjoy your spring blooms and your fall bonfire without the stress of seasonal gutter maintenance would be amazing, wouldn’t it?

LeafGuard® is the only gutter cover system that can claim to have a patented, one-piece, seamless gutter system.  Its built-in hood allows water to flow freely while eliminating clogs by deflecting debris such as leaves, pine needles and small branches from nearby trees. We are so confident in our rain gutters that we offer a “No-Clog Guarantee” for as long as you own your home. If your gutters ever clog, we will clean them for FREE!

Satisfied LeafGuard® Customers

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